Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located approximately in the geographic centre of the province.
It is the most northerly major city in Canada, and serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada.
The northern and western parts of the province experience higher rainfall and lower evaporation rates caused by cooler summer temperatures.
The south and east-central portions are prone to drought-like conditions sometimes persisting for several years, although even these areas can receive heavy precipitation, sometimes resulting in flooding.
Almost 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor.
The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years.
The region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity.
Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, Alberta, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, and remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the then lush landscape.The province is the namesake of the Alberta clipper, a type of intense, fast-moving winter storm that generally forms over or near the province and pushed with great speed by the continental polar jetstream descends over the rest of Southern Canada and the northern tier of the United States.In the summer, the average daytime temperatures range from around 21 °C (70 °F) in the Rocky Mountain valleys and far north, up to around 28 °C (82 °F) in the dry prairie of the southeast.The province extends 1,223 km (760 mi) north to south and 660 km (410 mi) east to west at its maximum width.Its highest point is 3,747 m (12,293 ft) at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m (499 ft) on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast.The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, and then east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.