We are not discussing the "causes of the universe" or the "origin of worlds," i.e., things of which we have no experience.
Suppose someone is unfortunate enough to suffer from impaired kidneys and must be hooked up to a dialysis machine several times a week.
Richard Dawkins also admits to the obvious truth of this point.
However, unlike Hitchens (a non-scientist) who downplays pre-Darwin belief in God by describing it as a "default position" and a "compromise," Dawkins states categorically that before Darwin he "could not imagine" being an atheist: than I do with the distinguished modern philosopher, a well known atheist, with whom I once discussed the matter at dinner. "How did Hume explain the organized complexity of the living world? "He didn't" said the philosopher, "Why does it need any special explanation?
In the debate between skeptics and believers the disagreement is not about the validity of the Argument from Design. The point of contention is the following: Does the incontrovertibly true Argument from Design apply to living organisms?
Skeptics raise two basic objections to applying the Argument from Design to the world of living systems: 1) ideas found in the writings of a highly influential 18th century Scottish philosopher by the name of David Hume, and 2) Darwinian Evolution. Related Article: The Origins of Life Hume, in his book Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, shows that the Argument from Design ... Norman Kemp Smith, late professor of metaphysics at Edinburgh, in his introduction to Hume, explicitly points out that organisms are not like designed, manufactured objects.
Before we actually deal with the objections raised by atheists and skeptics, I want to stress: Nobody disagrees with the Argument from Design.
It is clear, however, that a suit and poem by Robert Frost, and a living bacterium, are certainly well over that line.
many scientists and philosophers and mathematicians took what might be called the default position and ... that the order and predictability of the universe seemed indeed to imply a designer...
This compromise was a logical and rational one for its time...
In a moment of frustration he barges into the R & D department of a biomedical engineering firm and demands that they manufacture an artificial kidney that can be inserted where a normal kidney goes.
The sympathetic engineer tells him that our current technology is unable to produce such a device and the best we have to offer is the dialysis machine.
The simplest and easiest to understand of all the arguments ever offered by believers is the Argument from Design. It goes as follows: The existence of a suit implies the existence of the tailor who made the suit.