In one year alone, 8 million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns." In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was only repealed in 1948.Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west.Tribes in the Western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.Kansas was first settled by European Americans in the 1830s, but the pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery issue.In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase.Southwest Kansas, however, was still a part of Spain, Mexico and the Republic of Texas until the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848.Kansas was admitted to the United States as a slave-free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to enter the Union.
The first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who explored the area in 1541.
Wagon ruts from the trail are still visible in the prairie today.
In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30, 1854, establishing the U. territories of Nebraska and Kansas, and opening the area to broader settlement by whites.
Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo.
Leaving southern states in the late 1870s because of increasing discrimination, they became known as Exodusters.